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台灣客家族群的聚落、歷史與社會變遷(四溪計畫)

新苗地區建築基本史料的收集與「臺灣客家建築史」的建構

新苗地區建築基本史料的收集與「臺灣客家建築史」的建構
  • 年度: 97年
  • 研究群名稱: 聚落、建築與族群關係
  • 子計畫編號: 27
  • 主持人姓名: 黃蘭翔
  • 主持人所屬機構: 國立台灣大學藝術史研究所
  • 補助金額(萬元): 60

為瞭解臺灣建築史發展的內在機制,及企圖解析因為族群而界定的文化型態之特徵,
本研究首先以建築普查的方式進行四溪流域範圍之建築調查,第一年度的計畫主要以鳳山溪為主,除了收集現場建築型態的測繪資料外,也收集族譜與戶籍、地籍資料,徹底確認建築之實際興建年代與其地理分佈的文化脈絡關係,由此理解來嘗試解釋客家社會與其它社群之間的重疊與錯置關係。
在田野調查裡發現,現存具傳統型態建築的實際興建年代,可粗略分為1920 年代與1960 年代;進一步從鳳山溪中上游與下游建築的比較,兩地具有明顯的建築型態的差異,正好前者屬於客家人居住區,後者又屬於閩南人的集居區。因此若從客家人與閩南人的族群差異、分佈區域的下游與上游的差異,以及因所興建的時代差異,即是從地域性、族群性、時代風格去討論客家建築的特殊性,來解釋鳳山溪流域的客家人民宅與宗祠的有趣課題。

關鍵詞:客家建築、客家宗祠、客家民居

Gathering the Historical Architecture Materials and Writing a History of Hakkanese Architecture in Shin-Chu, Taiwan.
This research will base on the physical characteristics which constructed architecture and settlements of Hakka people. On one hand, this research will confirm the pattern and region of these physical characteristics; on the other hand,this research will examine whether these cultural characteristics belong to Hakka architecture. Furthermore, this research will searching other possible features which also could be understood as the attributes of the southern part of Fukien Province or Han people's architectural properties. Basically, this research will be formed by this repeating circulation process of self asking and survey. Once this research located the possible cultural and architectural characteristic of Hakka culture, this specific characteristic will be compared with other ethnical cultural characteristics in order to confirm the previous finding. However,during this finding and confirming process, this research will locate another possible cultural factors, and start the whole survey process again. Finally, when the structural mechanism of these cultural characteristics or factors were confirmed, this research will establish the proper inner structure of the history of Hakka architecture.

KeywordS: Hakka architecture, Hakka ancestral halls, Hakka vernacular、architecture

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